In order to meet the increasing electricity demand in India, the Coal Authority ie Coal India is unable to provide coal to Thermal Power Plant. For the last two months, power supply plants in many states are facing severe shortage of coal. The central government has talked about giving priority in supplying coal to thermal plants having low coal reserves. Due to non-availability of coal supply, many thermal power plants have been completely closed. There is a possibility of complete closure of many power plants, now the eyes of the Central Government are on the Coal Mining Company (Coal India). At the same time, the central government has expressed concern over non-supply of coal to power generating plants. According to the agency Central Electricity Authority, 8817 MW of electricity supply has come to a standstill due to the closed thermal power plants of India.
Of the 135 thermal power plants trucked by the Central Electricity Authority, as on September 26, 103 had coal reserves of less than 8 days. In August, 74 thermal plants were facing coal crisis. Just on 30 September, a huge crisis had arisen due to power cuts in China, the same situation is arising in India also due to non-availability of coal to thermal power plants that generate electricity in the right amount in view of the increasing electricity demand. Plants in many states are grappling with shortage of coal. According to some experts, the coal supply has been affected due to monsoon but this is not true according to the officials. Officials said on condition of anonymity that the monsoon has not caused any constraint on the supply of coal. At present, coal supply has been stopped by Coal India due to non-payment to Coal India. Due to which a coal crisis has arisen at eighty eight plants, due to which 109 GW of electricity generation has been badly affected.
At the same time, according to the central agency Central Electronics, 72 thermal plants of India, which used to generate 8817 MW of electricity, have come to a standstill due to non-time supply of coal, now due to the ever-increasing power, the purchase of 10000 MW of electricity in the power exchange is ₹ 20 per The unit is running.
Coal secretary Anil Jain wrote a letter to the company’s chairman Pramod Agarwal on September 27 due to severe disruption in coal supply. In which it was said that the stock of coal in the power plant is decreasing continuously, even after saying many times, there has been no improvement in the situation, on this matter, the minister held a high level meeting and suggested to solve the problem of coal in the power plant. has gone.
Why has the power crisis arisen?
Power generation has been badly affected due to restrictions imposed due to Kovid-19, while on the contrary, there has been a rapid increase in the demand for electricity in India, where electricity demand crossed the 200 GW level in June at the same time. Power supply also remains above 190 GW. On the one hand, the second wave of Kovid-19 was at its peak, while on the other hand the demand for electricity was increasing continuously in the country, meanwhile the governments of four big states like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Rajasthan defaulted in payment to Coal India. After which Coal India reduced the coal supply in thermal plants of these states, due to which gradually the straw reserves of these coal plants started decreasing and due to non-availability of coal from Coal India, that is, the plant did not supply coal on time. Due to this, they got slapped and the power crisis started deepening.
India has the world’s fourth largest coal reserves, yet why did the coal crisis arise?
It is the irony of our country that India is the country with the fourth largest coal reserves in the world. Coal India is the largest coal mining company not only in India but in the whole world, about 70% of the electricity produced in India is produced from coal. It gets spent. India is the second largest importer of coal in the world in spite of having such significant coal reserves.
India is still working on sources of energy other than coal, in future, India is continuously working on other direct sources of energy instead of coal.
The same Coal India Limited production and delivery of coal is slowly deteriorating. The power generation company is dependent on daily coal supply, at present 6 power plants have 1 day coal stock.